There are a variety of molds you can buy at hobby stores or arts and
crafts stores. Many are plastic with a tab for the wick to fit into
and an opening on top to pour the wax. The candles are very easy to
remove from this type of mold.
Home made molds
-Small milk containers
-boxes that bar soap comes in
-hostess cup cake containers
-toilet paper rolls
If you are using a store bought mold follow the manufacturers instuctions. Usually, all you
have to do is insert the wick and snap the two pieces of mold together. If you are making a
homemade mold tape a piece of cotton twine (it doesn't have to be dipped in the wax first as
mentioned below, but it is recommended) to the bottom of your container. You can support the wick
by laying a pencil over the top of the mold and tying the wick to the pencil. If the mold has a
bottom that isn't totally sealed (like a soap box), then use the 3" tape to tape up the bottom on
outside of the box. If you use a toilet paper roll, use the 3" tape and seal up the bottom. Seal
it real tight or it will leak.
You can purchase wicks in an arts and craft store or make your own by
using cotton twine like the kind you would tie a roast with. Just cut
off the appropriate length, giving yourself a little extra, and when you
melt your wax, dip the twine in and lie it flat on newspaper to dry. You will want to
get a variety of thicknesses of wick. If you do a small votive candle you will want a
thinner piece and if you do a large candle you'll want to use thicker wick.
You can purchase sheets of parafin wax at arts and crafts stores which is probably the best buy.
I've found that using an oyster knife works best to break up the wax sheets. Start at the corner
and do small pieces at a time.
You first want to make a double boiler to melt the wax in. Don't microwave the wax because it
can splatter and be very dangerous and also fade the color in the wax. Put about an inch of
water in the bottom of your sauce pan and heat on low. Put your coffee can in the sauce pan
and add the wax pieces.
Meanwhile, get some newspaper to put your prepared molds on (leaks and spills happen often).
Once the wax is melted, you can pour it directly into the
molds being careful to keep the wick straight. You can allow it to cool right on the newspaper
or semi-cool on the newspaper for about 20 minutes and then transfer to the refrigerator. Don't
put in the freezer though, or the candles will crack. Once the candles are cool to the touch you
can take them out of their mold. If you are using store bought molds all you have to usually do
is pull the two pieces apart and the candle will come right out. If you use homemade molds, peel
the tape off first and then tear the molds away from the candle. They usually come out pretty
The only thing left to do is trim the wick on the top of the candle (and the bottom if there is
some extra sticking out).
You can buy color chips at arts and crafts stores to add to the wax after it has melted. You have
to experiment on how much to add, but a little goes a long ways, so start out with a little bit.
I usually take the wax off the burner after it was melted before adding the coloring. If the wax
gets too hot the color will fade.
You can buy fragrance at arts and crafts stores too. You can use the same kind used in making soap.
I use the same procedure as with the colorings. After the wax has melted, remove the pan from the
burner and then add the fragrance. Again, a little goes a long way.
You can add glitter to the tops of the candles after pouring the wax into the molds. Wait about 20 seconds until a very thin layer forms over the top and then sprinkle it on lightly. Gold looks great...especially on Christmas candles.
You can create a great effect by making candles with chunks of wax. Just prepare your mold (including wick), and either cut up some old stick candles into about 1/2"-1" pieces or use small pieces of wax that you already have (great way to use up old candles). Place the pieces in the mold and pour melted wax over them until the mold is full. Using white/clear wax to pour over the chunks works best, so the colors show through.